Barolo, world heritage: the reasons
A site is included on the World Heritage List only if the UNESCO recognizes the presence of outstanding universal value.
The universally recognized value for this site is given by the rooted wine culture and the extraordinary landscape shaped by the work of man, bound to the vine growing and the production of wine.
The site is a unique testimony of an alive cultural tradition and a marvellous example of the ancient relationship between man and nature. The rows of vines, the different types of crops, the spaces dedicated to the production and the traditional settlements; all of them contribute to develop a “living” landscape, in which progress takes place in a constant balance between innovation and tradition.
The vineyard landscape of the Langhe is the result of an exceptional “wine tradition”, transmitted and developed from father to son for thousands of years, being the socio-economic heart of the region.
The constant search for improvement of the production cycle has lead to the production of superb wines of internationally recognized quality, thanks to a rich heritage of knowledge and techniques, based on a deep understanding of the varietals cultivated here for centuries (Nebbiolo, Barbera) and their ability to adapt to the environmental conditions.
The course of application
The application has been promoted by Regione Piemonte, with the coordination of the Regional Directorate for Cultural Heritage and Landscape and the supervision of the ministries of Culture and Agriculture.
The course of application started in 2006, with the official inscription of the site to the Italian tentative list.
In 2008, Regione Piemonte and the Ministry of Cultural Activities and Heritage sign a Memorandum of Understanding, and so the drafting of the application dossier started. During the following two years, all the analyses and meetings needed for the application took place. And so, in January 2011, the dossier was submitted to the UNESCO World Heritage Centre.
Finally, the approval was given on June 22, 2014 during the 38th World Heritage Committee held in Doha, Qatar; and the landscape “The vineyard landscape of Piemonte: Langhe-Roero and Monferrato” was recognized as World Heritage by the UNESCO.
The Barolo enters the UNESCO
After a process which lasted eleven years, the world committee gathered in Qatar has granted this award to the wine landscape of Piemonte: the Barolo enters the prestigious UNESCO World Heritage List.
With this recognition, the only one granted to Italy during this session, the number of UNESCO sites in our country went up to 50.
In our hills, where for centuries we have been making one of the most famous wines in the world -the Barolo-, viticulture is the pumping heart of the economy. Thus this award is not only granted to a land of vineyards, castles and medieval towers – but also to the work of men and women.
- 2,000 wineries
- 10,000 hectares of vineyards
- Main native varietals grown: Dolcetto, Barbera, Nebbiolo, Arneis
- 66 millions of bottles
- 60% of the wine produced in the Langhe is sold abroad
Barolo: the numbers
- 11 districts where it is produced
- More than 1,000 wineries
- 2,000 hectares of vineyards
- 13 millions of bottles
- 80% of the Barolo wine is sold abroad